How to treat Newcastle Disease in Poultry Birds

How to treat Newcastle Disease in Poultry Birds

Have you been thinking of starting up a livestock farm, poultry precisely? And of course, on a commercial scale? Or you have already started up but want to be prepared for possible challenges? Well, you are in luck because we are here to equip you with important information that will keep you in business.

While trying to get the necessary loan or start-up capital, setting up the adequate infrastructure, it is also important to know the possible challenges one can face in the course of raising poultry birds on a commercial scale.

Challenges vary from the density of consumers in the area, the cultural significance of choice birds, market proximity, transport network for goods and raw materials(feeds, etc) and most importantly possible diseases that poultry birds could be easily exposed to.

Anyone venturing into poultry farming should know that keeping his/her birds alive is particularly very tasking because the profit expected depends on the numbers alive during harvest and sales.

In this article, we will be looking into Newcastle disease.

WHAT IS NEWCASTLE DISEASE?

Newcastle disease is a viral infection which can be transmitted through contact with infected animals, contaminated water, food and poultry equipment. It is one of the deadliest diseases that affect livestock especially poultry birds. This disease greatly affects the digestive, respiratory and nervous systems. It’s various strains range from mild infections to fatal infections.

Unlike the name, this has nothing to do with Newcastle, England but for the fact that it was first discovered there in 1926. Domesticated birds such as fowls, turkeys, etc are the most susceptible to infection.

There are no serious effects on humans but it can cause them conjunctivitis.

SYMPTOMS

  • Coughing
  • Depression
  • Tremors
  • Drooping wings
  • Head and neck twisting
  • Complete paralysis
  • Swelling around the eyes
  • Image result for newcastle disease virus pictures
  • Watery diarrhoea
  • Low production(eggs).

 

PREVENTION

Since there is no clear cure to Newcastle infection, vaccination is the most effective way to control the spread of this infection. In cases where the signs are noticed in any birds, they should be isolated from the rest. New birds should be vaccinated appropriately before being introduced to the farm, and these vaccination measures should be updated as is necessary to ensure the good health of the poultry birds.

DRUG ADMINISTRATION

Personally, I have drafted a plan and method I have employed to take care of my birds and it has not failed me. I am sharing this for those that have not yet figured out a way to protect their birds and may have grown tired of watching them die. Don’t give up, just read this my proven method carefully and ask questions if necessary.

Now, dramacine forte contains Ampicillin and Amprolium but Anidone anti-coccidiosis don’t have Ampicillin but has Amprolium. Both are anti-coccidiosis drugs but, dramacine forte can be used to control the outbreak of Newcastle and so many other diseases like gumboro virus as said by the manufacturer but anidone anti-coccidiosis is practically for an intestinal problem such as coccidiosis.

The formation of drugs administered to treat coccidiosis is that when using dramacine forte for coccidiosis, anidone anti-coccidiosis is not recommended because both drugs have Amprolium. Anidone is just for coccidiosis but dramacine is multipurpose like for Newcastle and gumboro including coccidiosis. Amprolium based drugs are to be administered for 5days with a 2-3days break between successive cycles when treating coccidiosis particularly.

When you give the anti-coccidiosis drug, always administer it for 6 days then on 7th day you administer antibiotics + vitamins. This means if you are keeping your birds for eight weeks which is 56days, you will have to skip anti-coccidiosis for only 8days in which antibiotics will be given. The 48days which anti-coccidiosis is given, you can still give other drugs like vitamin or growth enhancer. Remember to ensure that in that 48days, amprolium is ever-present in the water.

I ran a test and experiment using my flock, I conducted the test 4 good times and the flock survived without the administration of Lasota vaccine. I discovered that using dramacine forte multipurpose + mycodox which contain tylosin and trimethoprim + anidone which is practically for coccidiosis from day one can subdue Newcastle from existing in a farm, which is a far better option to vaccination. Since dramacine forte is a multipurpose drug for coccidiosis and an alternative for Newcastle, I discovered mixing it with anidone and tylosin based drugs from day 1 would greatly inhibit the possible growth and spread of Newcastle virus in a farm.

Example; Dramacine contains Amprolium + Ampicillin and other supplement and it controls Newcastle, gumboro and fowl cholera.

But since 100% of coccidiosis symptoms is 50% Newcastle symptoms, using the above drugs combination provides strong immunity against Newcastle disease. But, if Newcastle disease is already existing in the farm animals, the above drugs cannot stop it. So it’s good telling people to practise this combination and administration at early stages to treat and prevent Newcastle as it is more effective than vaccination.

My name is Elvis Chris and I love to see you grow!

 

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7 Comments
  1. I have newcastle disease in my flock and maybe it was introduced through lasota as you sugested. Now how do I prevent it from killing my birds as I have already lost 7 birds 2 weeks ago.

    1. Like I said in my article earlier, using lasota to vaccinate while you have sick birds will automatically kill the birds which its immune has some deficiencies. example: if your bird have fowl typhoid or cholera vaccinating it on any disease especially lasota for Newcastle disease would kill the birds. However, its good you treat your birds with the mentioned drugs Dramacine forte mixed with anidone-coccidcisis. After treating your birds, you can vaccinate if you want, but remember don’t vaccinate sick birds else you may loose your flock,
      Its good you treat your birds on Newcastle before it exist in your farm, treating it before its existence makes the virus unknown to your farm, but vaccinating your birds without treating them would enable the virus to be active in your farm and may affect your birds if there is a vaccination failure.
      To protect your farm from Newcastle disease, always make sure your farm is totally clean and neat make sure your saw dust is very dry, at least change it every 5 days depending on the rate of birds you have. Wash your drinker and feeder daily, administer the right drugs at the right time, allow your flock to bath with saw dust this happens if you change your saw dust at least every 5days.
      Dont allow local bird get near to your flock because the may be subject to a parasite or virus.

  2. What about those that brood for 4 weeks and sell,what if the buyer didn’t continue with the treatment regime,won’t they be affected with IBD,Newcastle,Where can these drugs be found

    1. Thanks Oyenike Oluwakemi for getting back to us with your desired question.

      Note:
      If you do buy brooded chicks, you are expected to know the vaccination programme of the farmer who sold it to you especially knowing if the seller is running a vaccination routine before selling.
      knowing if the seller is running a vaccination routine would help you more in order to know when else to administer its vaccine because if chick is vaccinated of Newcastle on 14th day and sold at 30th day, if the buyer who bought at 30th fails to repeat the second vaccination programme in his /her own days, this probably means there would be a vaccination failure, once there is vaccination failure, your fowls start to react on Newcastle disease.

      (2) If the seller is running an organic farming and never trained them with medicated drugs, all you have to do is to continue from there by giving them organic drugs except you dont know about how to practice organic farming then you can simply buy medicated drugs to continue.

      Just know; if a chick builds an immune with Newcastle vaccine against Newcastle disease on 14th day, abstaining from giving it back to the chick on second administration is a risk except you didn’t administer Newcastle vaccine although to your flock then you can rear till the are sold at 7-8weeks without vaccine administration.
      vaccine administration exposes flocks to that particular disease they were vaccinated on once there is vaccination failure, if the vaccine fails, the ill react to the disease which the were vaccinated on, but treating them extremely deactivates the existence of the virus and would enable them not to contact it.

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